According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), there are more than 1.7 million traumatic brain injury cases each year in the US. 30% of injury-related deaths involve a traumatic brain injury, and about 50,000 people die every year in the US from brain injuries.
In Arizona, traumatic brain injuries were the cause of death for 1,317 state residents in 2011. Males age 85 and older had the highest rate of deaths from traumatic brain injury per capita.
In 2011, there were 6,690 non-fatal inpatient hospitalizations and 47,395 emergency room visits in Arizona due to traumatic brain injuries. Emergency room visits for traumatic brain injuries were most common for children younger than one year old.
What are the Causes of Brain Injuries?
The most common causes of death from traumatic brain injuries in Arizona were:
- Firearms (50%)
- Falls (22%)
- Motor vehicle accidents (13%)
Brain injuries can also result from:
- Bicycle accidents
- Pedestrian accidents
- Motorcycle accidents
- Medical malpractice
- Work accidents
- Birth trauma
- Recreational and sports accidents (football, boxing, skiing, snowboarding, etc.)
- Criminal assaults
Will a Helmet Prevent a Traumatic Brain Injury?
Although the use of helmets can reduce traumatic brain injuries associated with recreational activities such as biking, motorcycling, skiing, and snowboarding, the use of helmets may make people feel “invincible” and thus encourage more dangerous activities.